Dating bone china
It is possible to have a combination of all three. Above is the image of a backstamp with the Spode name, the pattern number 967 and another small red cypher, which is a workman's mark. 1833 to 1847: the company was known as Copeland and Garrett.
The art of making decorated porcelain ware originated in China more than 1,000 years ago.
The practice of moving bones from cemetery plots into ossuaries after a period of time in the ground (usually seven to ten years) was common throughout Catholic Europe until recently.
The bones in this ossuary are the remains of 1,245 monks whose bones were displaced when the ossuary was built.
The inscription over the door reads: “Stop here and think of the fate that will befall you – 1816,” a helpful reminder put in place by the Carmelite monks who built the chapel that year on the grounds of the larger church dating to 1719.
It is not merely decorated with bones — the walls are constructed from femurs with mortar.
Painted marks are often in red and marks can also appear printed usually in blue or black, (although other colours were used) or impressed into the clay so appearing colourless.
There are several other bone chapels in Portugal, the most famous being in Evora.
Although the heat is definitely still on, it won't be long before the summer sun begins to set.
From 960 through 1127, during the Song dynasty, emperors established factories to produce porcelain for the royal family.
During the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), the familiar underglazed blue-and-white patterns many people associate with fine "china" were developed, while detailed decorative painting over glaze also became a common technique.